Blacklists and Conflict

Goal: To critically assess the impacts of terrorist designation upon conflict resolution processes

Since 2012, TNI has been critically assessing the impact of terrorist proscription on conflict transformation. A team of three researchers, including TNI Fellow Ben Hayes, are undertaking case studies of the impact on peace prospects in Israel/Palestine, Somalia and Turkey/Kurdistan.

Preliminary findings indicate that counter-terrorism law is complicating conflict resolution processes. For example, in Somalia, the research has shown some organisations have reported withdrawal from work in particular areas of Somalia, while others have sought strategies to mitigate legal risks such that they are politically protected from potential prosecution. In Turkey, where the proscription of the PKK has generated the largest counter-terrorism prosecution operation in the world, Kurdish civil society in Turkey has faced criminalisation, disrupting prospects for a political settlement.

In Israel/Palestine, the research has found that terrorist proscription is one factor amongst many others that is reshaping peace-building. The security stranglehold, economic blockade, attempts to restrict the receipt of foreign funding by civil society organisations and attempts to criminalise advocacy for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaigns are all important factors in understanding the restrictions on peace-building work in Israel/Palestine.

The research project is due to be completed in 2014, with the publication of a report.